Una de las dificultades con las que se encuentran los alumnos que se preparan el examen de inglés, son las preposiciones. Fyne Formación te ayuda a repasar las más importantes preposiciones para el examen TOEIC:
1. On the subject of: This is a story about elephants.
2. Approximately: He is about ten years old.
1. Higher than; over: The plane flew above the clouds.
2. Earlier on a page: There is a heading above each diagram.
1. From one side to the other: We walked across the field.
2. On the other side of: There is a store across the street.
1. Later in time: after ten o’clock; after lunch
2. Later in a series: Q comes after P in the alphabet.
3. In pursuit of: The dog ran after the cat.
1. In opposition to: Theft is against the law.
2. Touching; supported by: I leaned my bicycle against the wall.
1. Following the length of: We walked along the road.
1. Within a group: The money was shared among three people.
Note: In formal English, among is usually used only when referring to more than two persons or things. In contrast, between is used when referring to two persons or things.
1. Circling something: We walked around the block.
2. Surrounding: There is a fence around the garden.
3. In different parts of: I looked around the house for the keys.
4. In the other direction: We turned around and went back home.
5. Approximately: He is around six feet tall.
1. A specific location: at 23 Chestnut Street; at the park
2. A point in time: at 5 o’clock; at Christmas
3. A condition: at peace; at war; at rest
4. An activity: at work; at school; at play
5. Towards: Look at someone; wave at someone
Note: When referring to a specific location or to a point in time, at is usually used. When referring to a certain street or a certain day, on is usually used. When referring to a location as an area, or when referring to a unit of time longer than a day, in is usually used.
e.g. at Christmas; on Christmas day; in the Christmas holidays
1. Earlier in time: before two o’clock; before Christmas
2. Earlier in a series: S comes before T in the alphabet.
1. At the back of: The little girl hid behind her mother.
2. Late: I am behind in my work.
3. Cause; origin: Who was behind that idea?
1. Lower than; under: below freezing; below sea level
2. Later on a page: Footnotes are provided below the text.
1. Lower than; below: beneath the earth
1. Next to; at the side of: I sit beside her in class.
1. Also; as well as: We study other languages besides English.
Note the differing meanings of beside and besides. Beside is usually used with reference to a physical location.
1. An intermediate location: Toronto lies between Montreal and Vancouver.
2. An intermediate time: between Christmas and New Year’s Day
3. Intermediate in a series: B comes between A and C in the alphabet.
4. An intermediate amount: between five and ten people
5. Within a group of two: The money was shared between two people.
1. Farther than: The mountains lie beyond the horizon.
2. Further than; exceeding: That was beyond my expectations.
1. Except: I have read all but the last chapter.
Note: But is used more often as a conjunction than as a preposition.
1. Near: a house by the sea
1. Within: They are inside the house.
1. To the inside of: We stepped into the room.
2. Change of condition: The boy changed into a man.
1. Resembling: That looks like him.
2. Appearing possible: It looks like rain.
3. Be in a suitable mood for: I feel like going swimming.